"Social cohesion and interethnic climate in Romania" (2008)
- Project funded by The Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities.
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"Disparities in the Use of Health Care Services in the North-West Region of Romania. Patterns and socio-economic determinants." (2006-2008) – Project Partner.
The research project was carried out in collaboration with the „Babes-Bolyai” University Cluj-Napoca (project director: prof. dr. Livia Popescu) and the „Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine, financed by the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research through the CEEX 157/2006 research grant. CCRIT implemented a sociological survey on three representative samples of Romanians, Hungarians and Roma living in the North-West region and provided case-studies in multiethnic communities on the problems in the access to and use of health care services.
"Community Force" (2005-2007)– Project Partner
- A European program initiated by CJD Eutin, carried out in collaboration with Instituto Psicoanalitico per le Ricerche Sociali (IPRS), Ec-Pec Foundation Budapest, and the Technic University of Dortmund, with the financing of the European Commision. CCRIT evaluated the implementation of the measures of social inclusion targeting the Roma minority in Romania.
"Interethnic Climate in Romania on the verge of EU Integration" (2006)
- Sociological survey carried out on a national representation sample, focused on the interethnic relations and the attitude of the majority population towards ethnic minorities. The project was carried out in collaboration with the “Max Weber” Professional Association and funded by the Department for Interethnic Relations of the Romanian Government.
"The Application of the Legislation on Minority Rights in Romania" (2006)
- The study was based on a national-scale sociological survey investigating the application of the laws on ethnic minority rights at the level of local authorities. CCRIT provided expertise for the improvement of the implementation of the legislation. The project was funded by the Department for Interethnic Relations of the Romanian Government.
"The Educational Measures for
the Roma Minority in Romania. The Effectiveness of Integrated
and Segregated Education."
A project financed by CERGE-EI and Global Development
Network. The aim of the research is to describe the educational
situation of the Roma in Romania and identify the main problems
from the perspective of those directly involved: young Roma,
parents, and professors. (2004-2005)
Project director: Toma Stefania
"Survival Strategies, Economic
Integration and Changing Lifestyles of the Roma Population
in Romania" - anthropological research financed
by the Open Society institute, Roma Culture Initiative.
The focus of the investigation lays on the ways in which
macro-economic changes influence the everyday life of Roma
communities from Romania. (2003-2004)
Project director: Toma Stefania
Four opinion surveys had been carried
out between 2003-2004 on representative samples of Hungarians
from Romania at the request of UDMR (RMDSZ).
"Local Development and Natural
Environment" (2002-2003), in cooperation with
the Institute of Conflict Research of the Hungarian Science
"Survival Strategies, Economic
Integration and Change of Life Style of Roma People in Romania"
(2002-2003), a project financed by the Open Society
"Cultural Heritage and Cultural
Dialogue - the Cluj Case" (2001-2002), a sociological
survey carried out by IRRC in cooperation with the Anthropology
Department of Université Lumière Lyon II,
the Ethnography Departments of the Universities of Cluj
and Debrecin, and the Ethnography and Folklore Institute
of the Romanian Academy, the Cluj branch.
”The Interethnic Relations
Barometer" (2000), a national survey carried
out as part of the ETHNOBAROMETER program implemented by
RCED, with the support of USAID.
"HAR-COV – The Deconstruction of an Image"
(2000), research on the particular relations between
Romanians and Hungarians in Harghita and Covasna counties,
and on the dynamics of the minority-majority relations.
It consisted of a sociological survey (July 2000) and the
publishing of a fiction collection signed by writers Alexandru
Vlad, Daniel Vighi and Visky Andras.
A series of three surveys (1999-2000),
at the request of DUHR, on the attitudes of the Hungarian
population towards the political strategy of DUHR.
"Bilingualism in the Public
Administration" (1999-2000), on the impact
of the public administration law concerning the use of the
minority languages in public administration in ethnically-mixed
the working out of research tools in view of a national
survey focused on interethnic relations, the comparative
analysis of the representations, attitudes and behavior
patterns of different ethnic groups in Romania. The research
was financed by RCED.
"The Sociological Project 'The
Carpathian Basin' “(1997-8). "Romanians
and Hungarians in the post communist transition. Mental
representations and interethnic relations in Transylvania".
The research was carried out in cooperation with UNESCO
Ethnic and Minority Studies program from "Eotvos Lorand"
(ELTE) University in Budapest on a sample of Romanian, Hungarian,
Slovakian, Croatian and Serbian citizens.
"Ethnic Identities and Relations
in Central and Eastern Europe" - together
with UNESCO Ethnic and Minority Studies and ELTE University
of Budapest. Survey covering Romania, Hungary, Slovakia,
"The evolution of ethnically-mixed
marriages in Transylvania" (1995-6) - a reconstruction
of the dynamics of the period between the two World Wars
(conducted by Stefan Lantos) The sociological survey on
the 1990-1995 time interval reflects interethnic patterns
in marriage and everyday-life of mixed couples. This research
- conducted by Horvath Istvan - was intended to offer an
alternative view of the politically biased image of these
relations during the above mentioned time interval.
"Collective Decision and Ethnic
Divergences/ Conflict in Local Communities with mixed population"
(1995-6) - an analysis of the types of conflict
and negotiation patterns in the rural and small local councils
[Based on interviews and focus groups with
representatives in rural areas and small towns in different
counties from Transylvania.]
The research, coordinated by Horvath Istvan
and Marius Lazar, provided data and information for training
the local representatives in a program developed between
November 1995 - June 1996, in co-operation with CIVITAS
foundation, aiming to support local governments and conflict
"The Ethnical Vote. An analysis
of 1996 Local and General Elections in Romania." (1996-7)
Marius Lazar and Magyari Nandor performed the research on
surveys and data related to political opinion and voting
patterns with emphasis on Cluj county and Transylvania.
"An Early-Warning System for
Local Conflict Management in Villages with Roma Population"
(1997). Financed by the SOROS Foundation and Roi
Baudouin Foundation (Belgium). The program was intended
to develop conflict prevention and management patterns at
micro-and local community level, by associating the local
notabilities and elite. (Project-coordinator: Nandor Laszlo
"Reinventing the Community.
Social Change and Ethnical Relations in the Cristian, a
Village in Sibiu County" (1996), focuses on
the changes in daily life and re-socialization patterns
as a consequence of Saxon migration. The survey was carried
out in cooperation with the Bucharest University (prof.
"The evolution of Ethno-Demographical
Structures of the Settlements in Transylvania"(1994-5),
based on former censuses performed in Transylvania. This
research work was interconnected with a similar one, conducted
by the Research Laboratory of the Sociology Department of
"Babes-Bolyai" University: its main goal was to
create a database on the evolution of ethnic structures
in Transylvania according to present administrative divisions.
The research was carried out by professor
Traian Rotariu and wanted to provide a strong basis for
historical and political debates on demographic problems
of the region.
"The Jewish Community in Transylvania
during the 19th Century. Statistical Preliminaries"
Selected bibliography on the history of the Jewish
community in Transylvania - A historical-statistical
research conducted by Professor Ladislau Gyemant (also Director
of the Center for Judaic Studies in Cluj) in the Transylvanian
Archives in Budapest.
"Repopulating the Saxon Villages
in Transylvania. Consequences of the Saxon Migration on
the Ethno-Demographical Composition of the Localities."
(1994-5) In cooperation with the Munster Institute
of Social Pedagogy (professor Georg Weber), with the participation
of prof. Ion Aluas, prof. Traian Rotariu, lecturer Rudolf
Poledna, lecturer Marius Lazar.
The Transylvanian territory was dwelt by
a significant (almost half a million) German population
which, mainly after 1970, started to leave the country.
This migration produced also internal population movements
towards the villages left by the Saxons. The research, conducted
by Rudolf Poledna and Marius Lazar identified local internal
social changes due to this double - external / internal
Among occasional activities of CCRIT mention
must be made of the following:
"Achievements in the Research
of Interethnic Relations in Romania", international
conference organized by CCRIT, co-financed by the Romanian
Government-the Ministry of Public Information-The Interethnic
Relations Department, "Babes-Bolyai" University
in Cluj, the Faculty of Sociology and Social Work, Cluj-Napoca,
"The Alternative History Textbook",
a series of focus-group interviews with secondary and high
school teachers, carried out for the Project of Ethnic Relations
in November and December 2000, supported by IRRC.
The Integration of Diversity in
Higher Education: the Case of Romania", a
conference organized in cooperation with OSCE-The High Commissioner
for National Minorities and "Babes-Bolyai" University
(October 2000). The papers presented were published.
"The History Textbook - a Source
of Knowledge or a Stereotype Generator?",
a seminar organized by the Project for Ethnic Relations,
October 16-18, 1998, at Poiana Brasov, with the support
"Inter-cultural learning. Instruction
program for primary school teachers", financed
by the Roi Baudoin Foundation and the Open Society Foundation.
IRRC participated as national coordinator
in the project "A Civic Network for Pluralism
and Multiculturalism in South-Eastern Europe" (June
1997-May 1999), a project realized with the support
of the PHARE-Democracy program, in cooperation with ACCESS
(Bulgaria), IPIS (Belgium) and the Europeanists' Society
CCRIT contributed to the organization of
the International Conference "Religion, Civilization,
Modernity. 130 years since Max Weber's Birth" (September,
The International Conference "Nationalism
as Politics and Ideology in 20th Century Central and Eastern
Europe" (May 1993)